anemia

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Introduction

Any condition in which there is a reduction of either:

Classification

* may be normocytic[18]

Etiology

Epidemiology

Clinical manifestations

Laboratory

* although other sources suggest hypothyroidism is associated with macrocytic anemia, ref[18] states hypothyroidism is a common cause of normocytic normochromic anemia

Diagnostic procedures

Complications

Management

More general terms

More specific terms

Additional terms

References

  1. Saunders Manual of Medical Practice, Rakel (ed), WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1996, pg 572-74
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mayo Internal Medicine Board Review, 1998-99, Prakash UBS (ed) Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 1998, pg 409-415
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Schiller G, UCLA Intensive Course in Geriatric Medicine & Board Review, Marina Del Ray, CA, Sept 12-15, 2001
  4. 4.0 4.1 Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 14, 16, 18. American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 2006, 2012, 2018.
    Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 19 Board Basics. An Enhancement to MKSAP19. American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 2022
  5. 5.0 5.1 ARUP Consult: Anemia The Physician's Guide to Laboratory Test Selection & Interpretation https://www.arupconsult.com/content/anemia
    ARUP Consult: Anemia Testing Algorithm https://arupconsult.com/algorithm/anemia-testing-algorithm
  6. 6.0 6.1 den Elzen WP, Willems JM, Westendorp RG et al Effect of anemia and comorbidity on functional status and mortality in old age: results from the Leiden 85-plus Study. CMAJ. 2009 Aug 4;181(3-4):151-7 PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19635749
  7. 7.0 7.1 Patel KV1, Longo DL, Ershler WB et al Haemoglobin concentration and the risk of death in older adults: differences by race/ethnicity in the NHANES III follow-up. Br J Haematol. 2009 May;145(4):514-23 PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19344387
  8. 8.0 8.1 Geriatric Review Syllabus, 8th edition (GRS8) Durso SC and Sullivan GN (eds) American Geriatrics Society, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Artz AS, Fergusson D, Drinka PJ et al Prevalence of anemia in skilled-nursing home residents. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2004 Nov-Dec;39(3):201-6. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15381339
  10. Artz AS, Fergusson D, Drinka PJ et al Mechanisms of unexplained anemia in the nursing home. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Mar;52(3):423-7. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14962159
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Denny SD, Kuchibhatla MN, Cohen HJ. Impact of anemia on mortality, cognition, and function in community-dwelling elderly. Am J Med. 2006 Apr;119(4):327-34. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16564775
  12. Morley JE. Anemia in the nursing homes: a complex issue. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2012 Mar;13(3):191-4. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22261540
  13. 13.0 13.1 Deal JA, Carlson MC, Xue QL, Fried LP, Chaves PH. Anemia and 9-year domain-specific cognitive decline in community-dwelling older women: The Women's Health and Aging Study II. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Sep;57(9):1604-11. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19682133
  14. 14.0 14.1 Guralnik JM1, Eisenstaedt RS, Ferrucci L, Klein HG, Woodman RC. Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia. Blood. 2004 Oct 15;104(8):2263-8. Epub 2004 Jul 6 PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15238427
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Lucca U, Tettamanti M, Mosconi P et al Association of mild anemia with cognitive, functional, mood and quality of life outcomes in the elderly: the "Health and Anemia" study. PLoS One. 2008 Apr 2;3(4):e1920. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18382689
  16. 16.0 16.1 Thein M, Ershler WB, Artz AS et al Diminished quality of life and physical function in community- dwelling elderly with anemia. Medicine (Baltimore). 2009 Mar;88(2):107-14. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19282701
  17. 17.0 17.1 Stauder R, Valent P, Theurl I. Anemia at older age: Etiologies, clinical implications and management. Blood. 2017 Nov 15. pii: blood-2017-07-746446. <PubMed> PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29141943 <Internet> http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/early/2017/11/15/blood-2017-07-746446
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 NEJM Knowledge+ Hematology
    Erdogan M, Kosenli A, Ganidagli S, Kulaksizoglu M. Characteristics of anemia in subclinical and overt hypothyroid patients. Endocr J. 2012;59(3):213-20. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22200582 Free article.
  19. Choosing Wisely. July 23, 2018 Society for the Advancement of Blood Management. http://www.choosingwisely.org/societies/society-for-the-advancement-of-blood-management/
  20. Anemia: NIH Institute and Center Resources https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/anemia