hypovolemia (extracellular volume depletion)

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Etiology

Clinical manifestations

Indications

Laboratory

Management

More general terms

More specific terms

Additional terms

References

  1. Saunders Manual of Medical Practice, Rakel (ed), WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1996, pg 682-84
  2. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 14th ed. Fauci et al (eds), McGraw-Hill Inc. NY, 1998, pg 267
  3. 3.0 3.1 Myburgh JA et al. Hydroxyethyl starch or saline for fluid resuscitation in intensive care. N Engl J Med 2012 Oct 1 PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23075127
  4. McGee S, Abernethy WB 3rd, Simel DL. The rational clinical examination. Is this patient hypovolemic? JAMA. 1999 Mar 17;281(11):1022-9. PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10086438
  5. 5.0 5.1 The NNT: Hydroxyethyl Starch for Acute Volume Resuscitation. http://www.thennt.com/nnt/hydroxyethyl-starch-for-acute-volume-resuscitation/
    Zarychanski R et al Association of Hydroxyethyl Starch Administration With Mortality and Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients Requiring Volume Resuscitation. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2013;309(7):678-688 <PubMed> PMID: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23423413 <Internet> http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1653505
  6. 6.0 6.1 FDA MedWatch. June 20, 2013 Hydroxyethyl Starch Solutions: FDA Safety Communication - Boxed Warning on Increased Mortality and Severe Renal Injury and Risk of Bleeding
  7. The NNT: Hypovolemia. Diagnostics and Likelihood Ratios, Explained. http://www.thennt.com/lr/hypovolemia/
  8. 8.0 8.1 Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 17, American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 2015