Vibrio vulnificus

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  • routinely isolated from seawater, zooplankton & shellfish on the Gulf coast & east & west coasts of the US, especially during summer months
  • ingestion of contaminated saltwater seafood
  • patients with cirrhosis
  • 13 deaths from Vibrio vulnificus on th U.S, East coast in 2023[10]


Clinical manifestations

* images[7]




More general terms


  1. Mayo Internal Medicine Board Review, 1998-99, Prakash UBS (ed) Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 1998, pg 297, 536
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 11, 16, 18, 19. American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 1998, 2012, 2018, 2021.
  3. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 14th ed. Fauci et al (eds), McGraw-Hill Inc. NY, 1998, pg 94
  4. Bross MH, Soch K, Morales R, Mitchell RB. Vibrio vulnificus infection: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Aug 15;76(4):539-44. PMID:
  5. Horseman MA, Surani S. A comprehensive review of Vibrio vulnificus: an important cause of severe sepsis and skin and soft-tissue infection. Int J Infect Dis. 2011 Mar;15(3):e157-66. Review. PMID: Free Article
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Scully EP, Earp BE, Miller AL, Loscalzo J Just a Cut. N Engl J Med 2016; 375:1780-1786. November 3, 2016 <PubMed> PMID: <Internet>
    Rothaus C (images) Just a Cut. Now@NEJM. Nov 3, 2016
  7. 7.0 7.1 Park J, Lee CS (image) Vibrio vulnificus Infection. N Engl J Med 2018; 379:375. July 26, 2018 PMID:
  8. Baker-Austin C, Oliver JD. Vibrio vulnificus: new insights into a deadly opportunistic pathogen. Environ Microbiol. 2018;20(2):423-430. PMID:
  9. Coerdt KM, Khachemoune A. Vibrio vulnificus: review of mild to life-threatening skin infections. Cutis. 2021;107(2):E12-E17. PMID:
  10. 10.0 10.1 AMA Morning Rounds, Sept 5, 2023 American Medical Association
    Christensen J CDC warns doctors to be on alert for cases of flesh-eating bacteria Vibrio vulnificus. CNN. Sept 1, 2023

Patient information

Vibrio vulnificus patient information